Roger Adams, a renowned chemistry professor working at the University of Illinois in the 1940s, discovered CBD. In his research, professor Adams extracted CBD oil from hemp, studied its properties, and found that the molecule had considerable benefits.
Later in the 1960s, Raphael Mechoulam, an Israeli chemist, made advances in this research by synthesizing cannabinoids such as THC as well as CBD availing them for further research. Advanced research on these molecules by the British Pharmacopeia established that CBD oil could be used for therapeutic functions.
Is Cannabidiol Legal?
Although the federal government classifies CBD in the same category as marijuana, CBD is legal in all the 50 states. Still, the level of restriction on its use varies from state to state. Since December 2015, FDA relaxed rules regarding CBD, and researchers are permitted to conduct trails on this molecule. Presently it’s possible to purchase CBD online without a medical cannabis permit. CBD extracted from hemp is legal for use, but CBD extracted from marijuana is limited to medical use and research. If you want to enjoy CBD products, legally consider those derived from hemp.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD acts on the endocannabinoid system to exert its effects on our bodies. The endocannabinoid system is a regulatory system in our bodies that comprise of cannabis-like molecules. These molecules (endocannabinoids) function as neurotransmitters, sending messages throughout the body, thus aiding in maintaining homeostasis. CBD and THC relate to the endocannabinoid system via the CB1 and CB2 receptors.
The CB 1 receptors are primarily located in the brain and are responsible for motor skills, memory, pain, and cognition; they’re also present in the peripheral nervous system, uterus, liver, and other parts of the body. THC attaches to these receptors inhibiting the release of some neurotransmitters and also increasing the release of some.
CBD, on the other side, binds of the CB2 receptors that are present in large numbers in the gastrointestinal system, immune system, the nervous system, and the brain.
Although scientists are yet to discover the exact way in which CBD affects our bodies, they suspect CBD stimulates the body to release more of its endocannabinoids, thus assisting in reducing pain, anxiety, and inflammation.